ETHANOL

With more than 30% of global production, Brazil is the second largest producer of ethanol on the planet, behind only to the United States. Brazil produced more than 37 billion liters in the 2013/14 crop year. Brazilian ethanol has low toxicity and obeys rigorous technical specifications and international standards. It is a clean and accessible source of renewable fuel; it significantly reduces GHG emissions, generates high yields per hectare and is an efficient source of energy.

Compared to other renewable resources, sugarcane's ethanol yield demonstrates just how competitive it is. While Brazilian sugarcane produces 6,500 liters of ethanol per hectare planted, the yield of corn ethanol in the U.S. is 4,200 liters of ethanol per hectare planted and ethanol beet in Europe produces 5,000 liters of ethanol per hectare planted.

As a renewable energy source, the performance of Brazilian ethanol is also superior. Sugarcane ethanol generates impressive 9.3 units of renewable energy for each unit of fossil energy used in its production. In the case of corn ethanol (United States), the renewable energy generated by the ethanol produced is only 1.4, while for sugar beet ethanol (Europe) this figure is 2.0.

Braskem consumes some 700 million liters of ethanol per year, or 2.0% of Brazil's total production of the 2013/2014 crop year. At Braskem's plant, the sugarcane ethanol is dehydrated and transformed into Green Ethylene, the raw material used to make green polyethylene and also the biofuel ETBE.